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จิตอาสาพลังสร้างโลก(๑) รู้จักไต้หวัน

จิตอาสาพลังสร้างโลก(๑) รู้จักไต้หวัน

In November 2005, I had the opportunity to visit the Buddhist Chi Chi Foundation in Taiwan.
Courtesy of the Moral Center I have seen and seen his story and I am impressed.
Therefore, I would like to convey what I have learned to the reader in the title “Volunteer Spirit, the Power to Create the World”, totaling 5 episodes.

intro
Around September 2005, Ajarn Paiboon Wattanasiritham told me briefly. that he went to see the work of the Buddhist Chi Chi Foundation in Taiwan He found a beautiful story there. The foundation has been operating for 40 years and has used Buddhist principles as a guiding flag. There are many activities that are done for others. Whether it is social work, education, medicine and public health, and culture, with an emphasis on fostering volunteer spirit to create benefits and happiness for others.

Currently, there are 5-6 million members continually donating to support activities around the world. There are more than two hundred thousand continuous working volunteers. There are many large modern hospitals in Taiwan. It has the largest bone marrow bank in Asia. It has its own bile television station broadcasting video signals around the world. There are kindergartens, elementary schools, high schools, until there is a university producing doctors and personnel in other fields. And there are many other social activities. by everything that you do All emphasize the importance of the human and spiritual dimensions clearly and concretely.

I listened to it and was very impressed, and in the end it was like a merit. When the Center for the Promotion of Moral Power Development (The Virtue Center) has kindly invited me to travel to study in Taiwan. together with a group of more than 40 people with leaders of government agencies Community leaders and volunteers working in the community Went to see the event during 23-27 November 2005 when going to see and learn from the real thing. It made me appreciate and impress doubly. Therefore, I intend to keep what I have learned and pass it on to interested Thai friends to have the opportunity to learn. So I wrote an article telling this story. to repay the grace to all involved That made me learn this valuable experience this time.

travel to see work There were 6 volunteers dressed in blue shirts, white pants and blue uniforms from the Buddha Chi Chi Foundation in Thailand, who accompanied us along the journey, namely Mr. Suchon Sae Heng, Mr. Suthiphan. Lekwichitthada (Candy), Khun Bang-on Saechen, Ms. Ladda Sae Liu, Khun Wiwat Sae Tiang and Nongying Sae Ng, all 6 of them take care of us like they are close relatives. (Even if they are just getting to know each other for the first time) including planning, organizing, coordinating, interpreting, providing information, various services. Everyone intends to serve us politely, gentle, smiling, never tired.
The 6 people traveled back and forth. eat sleep by Relying on expenses that each person pays for himself. unique of the Shi Chi volunteers who have a passion for serving others not harassing anyone and not disturb the world As the foreigners dubbed them “Nang (Mr.) Fah Blue” (Blue Angle).
Just the beginning It has made a great impression on us.

Taiwan Review
when referring to Taiwan Each person probably thinks of different things.
Some people may think of a country where MPs in the House of Commons like to slap each other so that they are often in the news all over the world.
Some people may think of a country where hundreds of thousands of Thai workers have been hired to work and there has been an incident where Thai workers set fire to their accommodation because they were subjected to unbearable persecution.

Some people may think of Taiwanese businessmen who have invested in many businesses in our country.
Older people may think of white Chinese who fled communist mainland China to form a government in exile at the mound some 50 years ago.

Some people may think of a country where the majority of Mahayana Buddhism emphasizes dharma practice by helping others according to the principle of benevolence of the Bodhisattva.

Taiwan consists of 78 islands, large and small, with the largest island, Taiwan, with an area of ​​35,980 square kilometers. About 14 times smaller than Thailand, but has a population of one-third of Thailand (22 million people in 2004). The length is 400 kilometers from the north, about the north of Chiang Mai to Phitsanulok, and 150 kilometers wide, about the border of Mae Hong Son. Chiang Mai compared to the existing population Therefore, Taiwan can be considered as a country with a relatively dense population Moreover, about 75% of the area is full of mountains. and have natural disasters Both earthquakes are always and heavy typhoons several times a year

If so Chinese Taiwan has a national history. It was clear that it was about fifty years ago. since the party The Kuomintang was defeated by communist China, so about 2 million Chinese people migrated to join the local people there. But only half a century It appears that China and Taiwan have leapt from a country full of poor people. Become a developed country, the poor are gone. The gap between the poor and the rich has greatly narrowed (from 15 times in 1953 to just 4 times in 1970), becoming the leading country in Asia after Japan, South Korea. and Singapore

It is analyzed that One of the reasons why China Taiwan The country developed very advanced in that relatively short period of time. partly due to the oppressive pressure that Taiwanese people and the Taiwanese government must soar forward without delay, that is

1. Natural disasters
Because the islands of Taiwan are located in the volcanic landscape. Therefore, there are always earthquakes, both big and small. Last year, 1999, there was a big earthquake in the south of the island. More than 2,000 people were killed and thousands more were injured. In addition, Taiwan faces typhoons every year, many times a year.

2. Threats from mainland China

Mainland China has always wanted to unite China and Taiwan into one China. Since the Kuomintang migrated to form a new diaspora government until now
with the above threats As a result, the Chinese Taiwanese have to increase their diligence. fight hard Thrust to build a nation to prosper in order to overcome all threats relentlessly. Do not despair and do not succumb to the problems that are faced in front of you in what is known as “Sue Yib Ta”.

Other positive factors Contributing to the progress of China and Taiwan are in many ways, including the fact that about 2 million Taiwanese people who migrated to Communist asylum from the mainland, most of them are top-level, cerebral, have a good level of education. Graduated from abroad, not many He has the blood of fighters, adversaries, and has the character of a Chinese who is hardworking, eager to learn and hardworking.

In the last fifty years, China and Taiwan have developed by focusing on reforming important issues, which can be summarized as follows:
1. Land reform
2. Political reform
3. Economic reform
4. Education reform society and culture

1. Land reform
During the predecessor of the Chiang Kai-shek government, it was a totalitarian government. Has called for the people’s faith and confidence by accelerating the implementation of land allocation and reform projects to create fairness for most people, which can be accomplished in only 4-5 years, resulting in fairness in production bases and addresses. live in Taiwan to this day

2. Political reforms
Although the Chiang Kai-shek government is a totalitarian government. But he knows that the main weakness of most governments is corruption. He therefore sought to cover these weaknesses in order to create acceptance among both the immigrants and the majority (12 million) people who had previously lived in Taiwan. At the same time preparing for democracy which eventually announced the abolition of martial law. making Taiwan a democratic country with a constitution as the supreme law, having a system of 5 powers: (1) the Legislative Council, (2) the Judiciary Council, (3) the Executive Council, (4) the State Personnel Examination and Selection Council, (5) the Supreme Control Council (generally Western countries will use a system of three powers)

3. Economic reforms
Taiwan has achieved great success in economic reforms. until some people call it “Marvelous economy” due to Taiwan’s small area It is also used in Agriculture is less than one in three, so the government is looking for other ways to create an economy. Coupled with the United States government helping with funding, technology, and technology, 10 large-scale investment projects were created during the years 1963-1973 to support industrial development, such as the North to South Expressway network project, railway lines, electric trains, ports at modern nuclear power plant modern information and communication technology network
Transfer of high technology into the country through joint ventures with a large number of foreign industries. and buy a license Or a blueprint for the technology to use and develop on their own. A technology park has been set up. Institute of Industrial Technology and many more The career development of Taiwanese people has shifted to the industrial and service sectors (see table).

occupation ๒๔๙๓
(percent)
๒๕๓๐
(percentage)
๒๕๔๗
(percentage)
agricultural work ๒๗.๔ ๔.๙ ๑.๗
service work ๔๖.๐ ๕๒.๒ ๖๘.๘
factory work ๒๖.๖ ๔๒.๙ ๒๙.๕

As a result, gross national production grew to 700 percent during the years 1952-1978. It was also found that the distribution of income was fairly high. The gap between the rich and the poor is not much different. Currently, Taiwan is regarded as a country without poor people. (average per capita income of $13,200 in 2000 from $140 in 1949

4. Education reform society and culture
Taiwan is one country that values ​​education as well. “Knowledge is power”, thereby promoting education both in the country and sending students to study abroad. As a result, Taiwanese people have a relatively good level of education. as well as being a person who has a habit of trading in the former capital Therefore, Taiwanese people are entrepreneurs. They have many businesses of their own. and is traveling to do business in various countries around the world

It is estimated that about 150,000 Taiwanese businessmen and their families travel to Thailand for business.
In terms of society, Taiwan attaches great importance to environmental development and order. Discipline people to create more peace accordingly.

in culture Taiwan has a very high cultural capital. Collected from mainland China since the immigrant period and continues to be preserved.
93% of Taiwanese are Buddhists. (Mahayana Sect) Confucianism and Taoism 4.5 percent Christianity and 2.5 percent other religions.

Research has found that today there are various religious sects. and beliefs In Taiwan more than 200 beliefs and found that these religious organizations themselves have become important spiritual powers of the Taiwanese people. and technology greatly But Taiwanese society is still strongly linked in spirituality and religious life. This is an important highlight of Taiwan.

The highlight here is why the moral center is interested in studying and learning. Therefore, the group was sent to study and visit. And I had the opportunity to be part of that tour group. When I saw it, I was very impressed. until we have to come back and write and tell each other to read here This edition is the flooring. From the next issue onwards will write directly to the story of the Buddha Chi Chi Foundation

A Brief Summary of Taiwan’s History
๒๑๖๗
Dutch Occupation

๒๑๖๙
Spain took over

๒๑๘๔
Dutch take over

๒๒๐๓
Ming and Manchu dynasties seize Annexed as part of Fujian Province (Hokkien)

๒๔๓๘
Japan seized from China

๒๔๕๕
Dr. Sun Yat-sen established the “Republic of China” after successfully overthrowing the Qing dynasty.

๒๔๘๐
China opens a big war with Japan

๒๔๘๘
Eight years of war against Japan, Japan lost World War II, the Communist Party of China gained power. Mainland China has rights over the Taiwan Islands.

๒๔๙๒
Kuomintang’s party Dr. Sun Yat-Sen Defeated Chinese communists therefore immigrated to set up a government in exile in Taiwan (I migrated from mainland China, 2 million people, there were about 18 groups of people who lived before, about 12 million people)

๒๕๑๔
China and Taiwan lose members of the United Nations

๒๕๒๑
UN recognizes one China is mainland china

๒๕๒๒
Chiang Kai-shek, the president of the people first deceased Jiang Jing Guo son takes over

๒๕๓๙
Li Tenghui became president from the first election (after the abolition of martial law and the adoption of a constitution)

๒๕๔๓
Chen Shuibian Was the 5th President (was the 2nd election project, 2004 was elected for a second term)

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